20100923(四)英文4-2/7

20100923(四)英文4-2/7

Vol. 2

28. I as well as my younger brother am on the school team.

Page 64

主詞與動詞一致

(A)  動詞與靠近者一致

A or B

A nor B

Either he or I am in the wrong.

Neither you nor she is in the wrong.

 

(B)  動詞與B一致

Not A but B

Not only A but also B

Not only I but also he is in the wrong.

 

(C) 動詞與前者一致

A as well as B

= A beside B

= not only B but also A

You as well as he are wrong.

Your brother with his two friends, has arrived.

 

(D) Most/Half  加單數名詞—動單

複數名詞—動複

Most of my time is spent in reading.

Half of the bananas were given to me.

 

(E) Both

Several   動複

Many

 

All 表人/物 –動複 All are quite well.

表狀況—動單 All sounds every strange to me.

*注意: The 形容詞 表示人時: —動複

表示抽象名詞時—動詞單數

The rich are not always happier than the poor.

The rich = rich people

The poor = poor people

 

P11

48. The fact that space exploration has increased dramatically in the past thirty five years indicates what we are eager to learn about our solar system.

 

P44.

Grammar Supplement 3

That  S  V

N子句  Wh   S  V  功能

Wh   S  V

一、

1.     That Japanese is an interesting subject is beyond dispute.毋庸置疑的。

2.     What happened to Rob last Wednesday is still a mystery.

二、

1. We expect that she will win the championship in the Chinese speech contest.

三、

1. I don’t remember where he came from.

2. The statistics shows how serious SARS here is.

3. Please advise me whether I should marry her.

間接受詞  直接受詞

四、

1. We must pay attention to what our teachers say.

五、

1. The major reason for his success is that he is industrious.

2. The chances are that the U.S. will establish a diplomatic tie with Taiwan.

六、

1. He boasted of the fact that he had visited more than 100 countries.

2. She asked me the question whether I still loved her.

七、

1. The fact that he was admitted to a government-run university this year proves (that) he has worked hard.

P13.

49. Captain James Cook, who explored the South Sea and reached Australia, also discovered the Hawaiian island.

 

50. 時間

+ when

+ S V

方法

How S V

地方

Where

理由

Why

The theory which Darwin proposed is called the theory of evolution.

 

56. The Union Bank sent a notice to all its customers attaching a reminder that the interest rates would rise the following month.

Send 事 to 人

= send 人 東西

 

P107

The history of electronic mailing goes all the way back to 1969 when a professor at UCLA sent the first message via computer to a colleague at Stanford. The computer which sent the first message actually crashed right after the message was sent, but the message did reach its destination at Stanford. E-mail was born.

Today, e-mail dominates communication. In 2002, the Internet provider AOL alone reported handling over 42 million e-mails each day. When the number of e-mails worldwide is linked to the number of pieces of mail sent each day, you will find that e-mail usage is more than seven times higher than “snail mail” usage. It is not hard to imagine why this is the case since the cost of sending postcards and letters is much higher, not to mention the fact that e-mail is more convenient than having to visit your mailbox or local post office. E-mail messages also beat postal delivery time hands down. While an international letter might take a week or more for delivery, an e-mail can be sent and responded to the same day.

 

Worldwide = all over the world = throughout

Despite = in spite of

Even though = even if = though = although

 

P104

You ask me what is poverty? Listen to me. Here I am, dirty, smelly, and with no “proper” underwear on and with the stench of my rotting teeth near you. I will tell you. Listen to me. Listen without pity. I cannot use your pity. Listen with understanding. Put yourself in my dirty, worn out, ill-fitting shoes, and know how it came. Poverty is getting up every morning from a dirt-and-illness-stained mattress. The sheets have long since been used for diapers. Poverty is living in a smell that never leaves. This is a smell of urine, sour milk, and spoiling food sometimes joined with the strong smell of long-cooked onions. If you have smelled this smell, you did not know how it came. It is the smell of the outdoor privy. It is the smell of the milk which has gone sour because the refrigerator long has not worked, and it costs money to get it fixed. It is the smell of rotting garbage. I could bury it, but where is the shovel? Shovels cost money.

P11

25. The professor can give many good pieces of advice for nay that wants to learn Japanese well.

A piece of advice

2 pieces of advice

A good piece of advice

Many pieces of advice

26. Jane has too much homework today.

 

P49

集合名詞: family 家庭 單數

Family 家人 複數

抽象名詞: 不可數

Of no importance = not important

 

 

John is all kindness.

Kindness itself.

Very kind.

The picture of kindness.

 

A few

A little

Few

little

qtl { position: absolute; border: 1px solid #cccccc; -moz-border-radius: 5px; opacity: 0.2; line-height: 100%; z-index: 999; direction: ltr; } qtl:hover,qtl.open { opacity: 1; } qtl,qtlbar { height: 22px; } qtlbar { display: block; width: 100%; background-color: #cccccc; cursor: move; } qtlbar img { border: 0; padding: 3px; height: 16px; width: 16px; cursor: pointer; } qtlbar img:hover { background-color: #aaaaff; } qtl>iframe { border: 0; height: 0; width: 0; } qtl.open { height: auto; } qtl.open>iframe { height: 200px; width: 300px; }

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s