無機化學簡介(請注意含鉑藥物為有機金屬)

無機化學 (INORGANIC CHEMISTRY )

一、無機化學簡介 (An Introductory Survey of inorganic chemistry):

週期表, 化學結構與化學鍵(Periodic system, Structure and Bonding)
合成, 反應與機構探討(Synthesis, Reaction and Mechanism)


二、原子結構(The Structure of the Atom):

多電子之原子結構與週期表(Polyelectronic Atomic Structure and Periodic System)
罕得定律,奧福寶規則,電子雲遮蔽效應(Hund’s rule, Aufbau principle, nuclear shielding)
游離能,電子親和力,與電負度(Ionic energy, electronic affinity, and electronegativity )
項次符號與能階(Term symbol & energy state)

 

 

三、化學鍵模型(Bonding Models):

共價鍵(The Covalent Bond)
價鍵理論入門(Valence Bond approaches)
混成與非定域化(Hybridization and delocalization)
分子形狀(Molecular Shape)
價殼電子對排斥理論(VSEPR)
實驗方法決定電荷分布(Experimental determination of Charge Distribution)
分子間作用力(Intermolecular forces)

 

 

四、對稱(Symmetry):

對稱元素與對稱操作(Symmetry elements and symmetry operations)
對稱點群(Symmetry point groups)
級,表徵與徵表(Class, representations and character tables)
對稱性之化學應用(Chemical applications of symmetry)

 

 

五、分子軌域(Molecular orbitals):

雙原子,三原子與多原子分子(Diatomic, triatomic and larger molecules)
具p 鍵之平面環狀分子(Cyclic-planar p molecules)

 

六、酸與鹼(Acids and Bases):

阿瑞尼茲理論與水溶液中之酸鹼(Arrehnius Theory and Acids/Bases in Aqueous Solutions)
酸鹼強度(Acid- Base Strength)
溶液標定(Solvent leveling)
布朗斯特-勞瑞理論(Bronsted-Lowry Theory)
離子(Hydronium ion)
共軛酸鹼對(Conjugated acid-base)
非水溶液系統 (Lux觀點) (Non-aqueous solution systems (Lux Concept))
含氧酸介紹(Descriptive – Oxoacids)
路易士酸鹼定義(Lewis Definition of Acid/Base)
軌域模型之描述(Definition and Orbital Model)
酸鹼說明(Descriptive)
親電子性與親質子性(Electron Affinity versus Proton affinity)
感應,共振,與立體效應(Inductive, resonance, and steric effects)
酸鹼之軟硬度(Hard-Soft Acid-Base)
硬度與軟度(Hardness and Softness)
種類與反應(Descriptive and Reactions)

 

 

七、氧化與還原(Oxidation and Reduction):

熱力學(Thermodynamics)
半電池反應力, 錳的半電池電位圖, 自由能, 能斯特方程式(Half cell emf, Emf diagrams (Manganese), Free Energy, Nernst equation)
電位之圖形表示法(Diagrammatic Presentation of Potentials)
動力因素(Kinetic factors)
伏安電位計(Cyclic voltammetry)
非均稱化(Disproportionation)
電子轉移(Electron transfer)
敘述化學與工業應用(Descriptive and Industrial applications)
氫與氧(Hydrogen and oxygen)
水之氧化還原反應(Redox reactions of water)
冶金學(Metallurgy)


八、週期表(Periodicity):

第一列與第二列元素(First-and Second-row Elements)
金屬與非金屬之性質介紹(General Periodic Trends for Metals & Nonmetals)
p 與 d 軌域之應用與活性(Use of p and d Orbitals and Reactivity)

 

九、離子鍵 (Ionic Bonding):

離子固體與堆積(Ionic Solid and Packing)
離子晶體之結構(Common Structure of Ionic Crystals)
MX,MX2,M2X,perovskite,spinnel結構(MX, MX2, M2X, perovskite, spinnel)
晶格能(Lattice Energy)
波爾公式,波爾-罕博循迴,凱布斯提基公式(Born Equation, Born-Haber
cycle, Kapustinkii Equation)

 

十、固態化學(Solid State Chemistry):

晶格結構(Crystal structure)
晶格,單位晶格,米勒指數,倒晶格(lattice, unit cell, Miller indices, reciprocal lattice)
缺陷結構(Defect Structure)
史特基與伏蘭克缺陷, 非化學計量之化合物(Schottky and Frenkel Defects, nonstoichiometric compounds)
金屬, 絕緣體與半導體(Metals, Insulators and Semiconductors)
價帶,導電帶,鑲嵌,n-型,p-型(Valence band, conduction band, dopant, n-type, p-type)
超導體(Superconductivity)
性質,結構,製程(Properties, structure, processing)
矽氧化物之結構,椅狀,環狀,簇狀與籠狀結構(Structures of Silicates, Chains, Rings, Cluster and Cage Compounds)

 

十一、配位化合物(Coordination Compounds):

配位化合物的結構(Structure of coordination compounds)
配位數2,3,4,5,6,>6(Coordination number 2,3,4,5,6, >6)
配位基種類,鉗合效應(Types of ligands, chelate effect)
異構物:幾何,光學,游離,連結,配位等(Isomerism: geometrical, optical, ionization, linkage, coordination, etc.)
命名(Nomenclature)
反應機制(Reaction mechanism)
取代,電子傳遞反應(Substitution, Electron transfer reactions)
鍵結,光譜,磁效應(Bonding, Spectra, Magnetism)
價鍵理論(Valence Bond theory)
晶場理論(Crystal Field Theory)
分子軌域理論(Molecular Orbital Theory)
電子光譜,磁性質(Electronic spectra, magnetic properties)

 

十二、有機金屬&生物無機分子(Organometallic & Bioinorganic Chemistry):

非過渡元素之有機金屬化合物(Non-transition metal organometallics)
過渡元素之有機金屬化合物(Transition metal organometallics)
鍵結與光譜(Bonding and Spectroscopy)
配位基(Ligands)
反應機制(Reaction mechanisms)
氧化加成與還原去除反應(Oxidative addition and reductive elimination)
遷移(嵌入)與去嵌入(Migration (insertion) and de-insertion)
催化反應(Catalytic reactions)
生物無機(Bioinorganic)
金屬與氮化反應簡介(Brief introduction on Metalloenzymes, Nitrogen fixation)
氧傳遞,光合作用與電解之生物效應(Oxygen transfer, Photosynthesis and Bio-function of electrolytes)

 

十三、敘述性化學(Descriptive Chemistry):

氫與其化合物(Hydrogen and Compounds)
金屬氫化合物(Metallic Hydrides)
氫氣儲存(Hydrogen Storage)
s- & p-族元素(s- & p-Block Elements)
鹼金屬與鹼土金屬(Alkali and Alkali Earth Metals)
氮與磷(Nitrogen and Phosphorus)
氧,硫與硒(Oxygen, Sulfur and Selenium)
鹵素(The Halogens)
惰性氣體(The Nobel Gases)
d-族元素(d-Block Elements)
電子結構,氧化態與電動勢(Electron Configuration, Oxidation States and EMF)
配位化合物與有機金屬化合物(Coordination Compound and Organometallic Compounds)
f-族元素(f-Block Elements)
鑭系與錒系元素(The Lanthanide and Actinide)
電子結構,氧化態(Electron Configuration and Oxidation States)

 

 

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