20100921(二)英文3-2/7

20100921(二)英文3-2/7

Vocabulary

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8. Of all the patients in intensive care units (ICU) who are at “risk” of dying some 20 percent present difficult ethical choices- whether to keep trying to save the life.

Patient a. 有耐心

Patience n. 耐心

Of all (文法中用最高級)

Among  最高級

In

Present v 呈現

Present n 禮物

a.      出席的

Of…., S V

介係詞片語作主詞

Price 價錢 代價

Risk

At risk of 冒   險

以    為賭注

On the rim of 在   的邊緣

In an attempt of 嚐試(介係詞片語)

At a speed of

On the basis of

9. In summertime, higher standards of personal “hygiene” are necessary to prevent disease.

Aspiration 抱負 志向 =  ambition      aspire v. 嚮往

Commodity = 商品 = item = goods

共同 方法

Hygiene = sanitary 衛生的

Sanitation公共衛生

Prevent預防

10. The peace rally is gaining “momentum” every hour. By now, thousands of people have gathered in front of the parliament building.

Rally 集會

Consolidation 鞏固 強化

Momentum 氣勢

Ultimatum   ulti 超越  最後結論 最後通牒。

11. 注意這是俗語及俚語

In the Seoul Olympics of 1988, Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson won a 100-meter gold medal in 9.79 sec. His “fall from grace” came almost as fast, after it was revealed that he had used steroid to achieve his world-beating performance.

Sprinter 短跑選手

Reveal 揭露、洩漏、顯示

World-beating performance世界級的表現

Basket case 沒人要的 無助的人 精神緊張的人

Nom de plume  n d p 筆名

Fall from grace失寵。

12. Call-in surveys sometimes misrepresent public opinion because people who tend to call may be a small amount of people with strong idea or certain attitudes; thus the “silent “ ”majority” might often be ignored.

可數名詞: number

A number of 很多

不可數 amount

A large amount of

A small amount of

Ignored = neglect

Minority 未成年 少數

13. Tourists are often accused of being loud and rude, but they may in fact help “sustain” traditional cultures.

Abuse 濫用 虐待

Impede 妨礙

Hinder 阻擋 妨礙 block curb obstruct restrict = tie up

Sustain 支持 承受 維持 = tolerate = put up with= maintain

14. It is an excellent plan on paper, but from a practical point of view, it just isn’t “feasible”.

Feasible  可實行的

Visible  可見的

Gullible 容易受到欺騙的

Credit

Credulous  輕信的     credibility   credible a.可信的

credulity

incredible  不可思議的

skeptical    質疑的

suspicious

dubious

incredulous

15. These companies claim deeper seawater contains more “nutrients” and fewer pollutants than surface water.

Canker  潰瘍 腐敗

Nutrient

Incentives 刺激

Utility 用品 設備

Incentives:刺激 鼓勵

Spur            encourge

Urge

Activate

Provoke  負面 挑釁

Nutrition

Nutritious

16. T the airport, the customs officials usually open our bags to “inspect” the contents.

Expect 預期 期待

Retrospect 回顧 追憶

Prospect往前看 勘查 (發音變了重音在前)前景

Inspect檢查 審查

看!

Spec

1.     speculate推測 = surmise

2.     respective 個別的 = individual

3.     introspect  內省 內部反省

4.     perspective 穿越去看 願景 =  vista

specimen = sample

conspicuous顯著的 明顯的 = obvious

auspicious au 好 幸運的

suspicious質疑的 懷疑的

suspicion 質疑

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