20100921(二)英文3-1/7

20100921(二)英文3-1/7

15.

1. Excite —be p.p. at

2. Satisfy—be p.p. with

3. surprise—be p.p. at

4. please—be p.p. with

5. bore—be p.p. with

6. tire—be p.p. of

7. interest—be p.p. in

 

人 be excited at 事

 

I am    tired of you.

Sicked of you.

Tired and sicked of you.

Fed up with you.

 

16. Johh didn’t buy anything ,“and neither did I”.

人 also V

人       , too.

人       as well.

So 倒裝.

 

You don’t like coffee.

I don’t, either.

 

And neither do I.

 

And neither = Nor

 

不得不

Cannot help Ving

Cannot resist Ving

Cannot help but V原形

Cannot choose but V原形

Cannot but V原形。

 

Have no choice but + to V

But = alternative

 

18. I do not want to go to the party, “nor does” my friend.

, and neither does

 

16. John didn’t buy anything, “and” neither did I.

 

19. As soon as I “graduate” from this university, I am going to return to my mother country.

1. When

時間   S  V(現在), S   V(未來).

2.       If

3.           條件

 

20. I am “very interested in reading” novels.

 

Much

Far      加  比較級。

 

21. We ran all the way to the train station, “only”to see that the train had left.

 

1. as   as 和  一樣

2.not as     as  不和   一樣

so

3.the same as       和    相同

4.so as to V = to V

= in order to V 目的為了

 

 

Cloze,

分詞構句、形容詞子句,

名詞子句。

Dialogue對話題。

 

頁10

Oxford牛津出版社出的多益考試書籍。

文法。

 

22. 分詞構句

用有的線索找"沒有的"

現在分詞表示為主動進行:Entering the room, "Jack saw a strange sight".

主詞省略把分詞子句濃縮簡化。

 

頁33

報紙社論常用分詞構句

分詞引導片語,將子句濃縮簡化。

Walking along the street, I met an old friend of mine.

主詞是我

原來的句子

As I was walking along the street, I met an old friend of mine.

While(用此連接詞),有”正當”的意義,會比as更好!

分詞構句三部曲:(主動概念)

從屬連接詞所加的附屬子句  主要子句

While I was walking, I met….

1)     去掉相同主詞。

對等/附屬子句中主詞去掉,主要子句不能動)。

2)     動詞 1. 主動—動詞原形成為Ving

2. 被動

3) 去掉連接詞(可去可不去);連接詞留下來是為了讓讀者更快更便於讀懂。

 

—–兩子句主詞不同時,第一個動作的兩個主詞都保留。

 

11. 理由原因:Feeling tired, she went to bed early.

原來的句子: As she felt tired, she….

 

12.          條件:Turning to the left, you will see the post office on your right.

原句: If you turn …, you…

 

13.          讓步: Admitting what you say, I will think you are wrong.

名詞子句,當作動詞的受詞。(admitting)

Although I admit …, I…

 

14.          附帶: He went out of the room, singing a song.

He went …., and he sang…

注意三態:sing sang sung

現在分詞構句表主動進行。

 

獨立分詞結構(兩個主詞不一樣)

As it is fine, I went out for a walk.

從屬子句為as it is fine

1.     主詞皆保留。

2.3.步驟相同。

It being fine, I went out for a walk.

主詞補語要留下來啦。

 

Being 在句首時,省略。

Because he is a good teacher, he is loved by all his students.

(Being) a good teacher, he is loved by all his students.

 

含現在分詞之慣用語:

Generally speaking一般說來

Strictly speaking  嚴格說來

Roughly speaking  大略說來

Frankly speaking  坦白說來

Speaking of N  談到 說到

Judging from + N片語  從 判斷

Considering   考量到 考慮到

According to    根據

Taking all things into consideration / account  綜合來說

 

30. “Having finished” dinner, Alex left his house and went to the movies.

從現有線索,Alex主詞、 left 動詞過去式、

過去簡單概念,

吃了晚餐後才離開房間去看電影。

兩個過去的動作,分成先後發生,先發生的過去完成式。

 

After he had finished, Alex…

Had had

 

時態兩個子句: 長短 先後

 

第二個重點:

43. The

 

42頁

現在分詞:主動進行

過去分詞表示被動完成

 

l         Boiling water = water which is boiling

l         Boiled water = water which has (been) boiled

l         A drowning man正溺

l         A drowned man 已溺

l         Falling leaves 正掉落之葉

l         Fallen leaves 已掉落之葉

 

 

When I called him up, he was taking a shower.

So far = up to now = up to the present = to date—-現在完成式/現在完成進行式

So far I haven’t heard from him since he left for N.Y..

Hear of 聽說

Hear from接到信

Left for 前往

My suitcase was stolen last weekend.

 

The boy standing over there is my brother.

 

Here is a book written by my teacher.

 

人   ed 自感

事   ing 令人

The movie was very exciting.

 

My sister was surprised at the good news.

The dying was my best friend’s uncle.

The wounded were transferred to the bigger hospital.

注意分詞的後位或前位修飾法。

He is reading a very touching novel.

Please tell me something interesting. (後位修飾法)

The dog kept barking all night.

Barking主詞補語。

I heard my neighbors fighting in the bathroom.

 

It was freezing cold in New York in winter.

Freezing 部分分詞是very的意思。

 

Considering his new job, I have no idea at all.

Considering介系或連接

 

Provided (that) he is poor, he is always content.

貧窮,卻總是心滿意足的。

 

頁12

43. The humming bird “is the smallest variety of bird species” (which is) known.

1)主詞是bird但沒見到動詞

2)variety   a variety of 各式各樣的

3)of 擁有者為後方的名詞。

 

Although連接詞

 

形容詞子句:

人  1. who  動詞(主格) = that

2.whose 所有格  N

3.whom S V 受格(可省略) = that

事物 1. which V

2. whose N

3. which S V

 

人或事物 + 形容詞子句

N + (which is) known 加動詞

 

形容詞子句中 主詞及動詞可一起省略  —P.p.保留(被動保留)

介係詞(,)不能在 that(關係代名詞)前面

 

51. A pet can act as a barometer “by which anxiety in a family may be measured”.

Act as 作為;當作…

As

Work as

Serve as

Act as

 

That which 不能連用

 

Cloze

 

頁104

頁121 傳統考法

Some shoppers are tired of department stores and shopping malls- fighting the crowds, waiting in long lines, and “sometimes” not even finding anything they want to buy. They would rather sit quietly at home in front of the TV set and watch a friendly announcer describe an item “while” a model displays it. And they can shop around the clock, purchasing an item simply by making a phone call and “charging” it to a credit card. Home shopping networks understand the power of an enthusiastic host, the glamour of celebrity guests “endorsing” their products, and the emotional pull of bargain.

 

In no time立刻 馬上

Right now

Right away

 

Sometimes偶爾 有時

At times

From time to time

Once in a while

 

Around the clock 24小時不間斷的。

Around-the-world世界一周的。

 

感官動詞 + 1. 動詞原形(事實) 主動的

2. V ing (動作)  主動的

3. p.p. (被動)   用動詞第三態

4. …be seen to V 不定詞 感官動詞本身為被動態

 

Charging索費

Claiming主張

 

Enthusiastic host購物台有活力的主持人

Glamour魅力

Glamorous迷人的 = charming = attractive = appealing

 

Sign up for = register for 登記 註冊

Sign in 簽到

 

Adapt 使適應 改編

Adept  skillful / proficient (in) / skilled / excel 精通,擅長 be good at

Adopt 採用 領養

 

A real bargain便宜划算的買賣

Beat a bargain  殺價

At a bargain 廉價的

Bargain away 以廉價售出

 

Pull影響力 情緒上的影響 情緒上的變動 情緒上便宜殺價…影響力

 

頁119 另一個基本傳統的考法

Many women did not wish to be “liberated” from traditional roles “centering” on the family; housewives often felt “slighted” by the career-oriented rhetoric of the women’s movement. Many men “resented” the attack on their dominate position in the work place. By 1982 the ERA (Equal Rights Amendment) “had been” blocked and its life as a proposed constitutional amendment ended.

 

Cash-oriented金錢導向的

Enlightened啟蒙 啟發

Delighted 高興

Slighted 輕視

Dominate position主宰職位

Resented 討厭 厭惡 憎恨

consented 同意的

contended 主張

retained主持

constitutional合法的

 

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