1. Excite —be p.p. at
2. Satisfy—be p.p. with
3. surprise—be p.p. at
4. please—be p.p. with
5. bore—be p.p. with
6. tire—be p.p. of
7. interest—be p.p. in
人 be excited at 事
I am tired of you.
Sicked of you.
Tired and sicked of you.
Fed up with you.
16. Johh didn’t buy anything ,“and neither did I”.
人 also V
人 , too.
人 as well.
You don’t like coffee.
I don’t, either.
And neither do I.
And neither = Nor
Cannot help Ving
Cannot resist Ving
Cannot help but V原形
Cannot choose but V原形
Cannot but V原形。
Have no choice but + to V
But = alternative
18. I do not want to go to the party, “nor does” my friend.
, and neither does
16. John didn’t buy anything, “and” neither did I.
19. As soon as I “graduate” from this university, I am going to return to my mother country.
時間 S Ｖ(現在), S V（未來）.
20. I am “very interested in reading” novels.
Far 加 比較級。
21. We ran all the way to the train station, “only”to see that the train had left.
1. as as 和 一樣
2.not as as 不和 一樣
3.the same as 和 相同
4.so as to V = to V
= in order to V 目的為了
現在分詞表示為主動進行：Entering the room, ＂Jack saw a strange sight＂.
Walking along the street, I met an old friend of mine.
As I was walking along the street, I met an old friend of mine.
While I was walking, I met….
2) 動詞 1. 主動—動詞原形成為Ｖing
11. 理由原因：Feeling tired, she went to bed early.
原來的句子： As she felt tired, she….
12. 條件：Turning to the left, you will see the post office on your right.
原句： If you turn …, you…
13. 讓步： Admitting what you say, I will think you are wrong.
Although I admit …, Ｉ…
14. 附帶： He went out of the room, singing a song.
Ｈe went …., and he sang…
注意三態：sing sang sung
As it is fine, I went out for a walk.
從屬子句為as it is fine
It being fine, I went out for a walk.
Because he is a good teacher, he is loved by all his students.
(Being) a good teacher, he is loved by all his students.
Strictly speaking 嚴格說來
Roughly speaking 大略說來
Frankly speaking 坦白說來
Speaking of N 談到 說到
Judging from + N片語 從 判斷
Considering 考量到 考慮到
According to 根據
Taking all things into consideration / account 綜合來說
30. “Having finished” dinner, Alex left his house and went to the movies.
從現有線索，Alex主詞、 left 動詞過去式、
After he had finished, Alex…
時態兩個子句： 長短 先後
l Boiling water = water which is boiling
l Boiled water = water which has (been) boiled
l A drowning man正溺
l A drowned man 已溺
l Falling leaves 正掉落之葉
l Fallen leaves 已掉落之葉
Ｗhen I called him up, he was taking a shower.
So far = up to now = up to the present = to date—-現在完成式/現在完成進行式
So far I haven’t heard from him since he left for N.Y..
Hear of 聽說
Left for 前往
My suitcase was stolen last weekend.
The boy standing over there is my brother.
Here is a book written by my teacher.
人 ed 自感
事 ing 令人
The movie was very exciting.
My sister was surprised at the good news.
The dying was my best friend’s uncle.
The wounded were transferred to the bigger hospital.
He is reading a very touching novel.
Please tell me something interesting. (後位修飾法)
The dog kept barking all night.
I heard my neighbors fighting in the bathroom.
It was freezing cold in New York in winter.
Considering his new job, I have no idea at all.
Provided (that) he is poor, he is always content.
43. The humming bird “is the smallest variety of bird species” (which is) known.
2)variety a variety of 各式各樣的
人 1. who 動詞（主格） ＝ that
2.whose 所有格 N
3.whom S V 受格（可省略） = that
事物 1. which V
2. whose N
3. which S V
人或事物 + 形容詞子句
Ｎ ＋ （which is） known 加動詞
形容詞子句中 主詞及動詞可一起省略 —Ｐ.p.保留（被動保留）
51. A pet can act as a barometer “by which anxiety in a family may be measured”.
Act as 作為；當作…
That which 不能連用
Some shoppers are tired of department stores and shopping malls- fighting the crowds, waiting in long lines, and “sometimes” not even finding anything they want to buy. They would rather sit quietly at home in front of the TV set and watch a friendly announcer describe an item “while” a model displays it. And they can shop around the clock, purchasing an item simply by making a phone call and “charging” it to a credit card. Home shopping networks understand the power of an enthusiastic host, the glamour of celebrity guests “endorsing” their products, and the emotional pull of bargain.
In no time立刻 馬上
From time to time
Once in a while
Around the clock 24小時不間斷的。
感官動詞 ＋ 1. 動詞原形（事實） 主動的
2. V ing (動作) 主動的
3. p.p. （被動） 用動詞第三態
4. …be seen to V 不定詞 感官動詞本身為被動態
Glamorous迷人的 ＝ charming = attractive = appealing
Sign up for = register for 登記 註冊
Sign in 簽到
Adapt 使適應 改編
Adept skillful / proficient (in) / skilled / excel 精通，擅長 be good at
Adopt 採用 領養
A real bargain便宜划算的買賣
Beat a bargain 殺價
At a bargain 廉價的
Bargain away 以廉價售出
Pull影響力 情緒上的影響 情緒上的變動 情緒上便宜殺價…影響力
Many women did not wish to be “liberated” from traditional roles “centering” on the family; housewives often felt “slighted” by the career-oriented rhetoric of the women’s movement. Many men “resented” the attack on their dominate position in the work place. By 1982 the ERA (Equal Rights Amendment) “had been” blocked and its life as a proposed constitutional amendment ended.
Resented 討厭 厭惡 憎恨