20100917(二)英文2-2/7

20100917(二)英文2-2/7

頁39

Affluent af去 flu流  富裕的

Wealthy abundant ample plentiful bountiful well-off well-to-do

 

Astonish ton音調  吃驚的

Amaze astound bewilder/i/

 

Yield 生產

Produce bear provide supply furnish sh是動詞結尾

 

Abandon 放棄

Surrender relinquish waive forego sacrifice give up

 

Clamor 吵鬧的  clam大叫

Noisy uproar commotion clamorous tumult

 

Excessive 過多的

Superfluous immoderate inordinate extravagant(vag是走)

 

Dexterous 靈巧的

Deft nimble facile adept skilled

 

Haughty 高傲的

Domineering arrogant(rog質問) dictatorial(dic說) commanding lordly

 

Conspicuous明顯的

Evident apparent predominant noticeable prominent(pro突出)

 

6. I have been doing research on pollution. I have “found out” that we are running out of places to put our garbage.

 

Conduct常用來指做研究、問卷、實驗、調查 加on

 

12. By the end of this month, he “will have signed” the contract.

動詞時態要與時間副詞同步。未來完成的概念。

 

時態的整理 頁28 29

十二個主動八個被動 Tenses動詞時態/ Voices

 

現在簡單

現在進行

現在完成

現在完成進行

 

I   live                                    in Taipei.

Am living

Have lived

Have been living強調還會繼續做下去

 

過去簡單式

過去進行式(某特定)

過去完成式

過去完成進行式

 

未來簡單式

未來進行式 (未來特定時間點 這個禮拜天的中午我將正在做…)

未來完成式 shall have study

未來完成進行式(且繼續)

 

1.     The train had left when I got to the train station last night.

Get to = arrive in (at) = reach  後發生用過去簡單式, 先發生的過去完成式。

 

2.     While I was watching TV, my friend called me.

注意:時間持續較長的動作使用過去進行式, 時間持續較短的使用過去簡單式。

 

Voices被動

 

現在簡單被動

現在進行被動

現在完成被動

 

過去簡單被動

過去進行被動

過去完成被動

未來被動

未來完成被動(到了某天明確時間概念的東西已經被…)

英文內沒有未來完成進行被動此一時態。

 

頁9

7. A number of best-selling books and magazines “are” set on the shelf.

A number是很多 且用複數名辭

 

現在簡單被動

The number of N詞 加單數動詞

Best-selling

 

頁 64

Lie lay lain 躺

Lay laid laid 放置

Lie lied lied 說謊

 

Hang hung hung 吊掛

Hanig hanged hanged 絞死

 

Bear bore born 生

Bear bore borne (by) 忍受 負荷

 

Fly flew flown 飛

Flow flowed flowed 流

 

Rise rose risen

Raise raised raised

 

Spend spent spent        人spend

take took taken          事take時

cost cost cost            事cost價

 

speak spoke spoken 一般講話

say said said       某人說 招牌標記上也可用此

tell told told       告訴某人

talk talked talked   談話

 

頁9

8. They lost all their money by gambling and “ended” up without a cent.

注意這裡拿失去了錢與不剩一毛做平行對稱。

End up with以什麼結束。

 

9. There is a great new Mexican restaurant downtown. “Would” you like to try it?

 

 

Will 主詞用you they

Shall主詞用I we

 

Would you like to

Would like to = want to想要

 

Should應該 萬一

 

May 問許可或允許的字眼。

 

10. We can have a party at my house if everyone promises to help me “clean” up.

Clean up

Help加受詞後面要用動詞原型。

 

Help 人加動詞原型

Help 人with 事                  = assist 人 with 事

Help 人out

Give 人 a hand

 

11. The new computer is “twice” as fast as the old one.

喂 BE動詞用形容詞

一般動詞用副詞。

A is 倍數+ as 原級 as + B

Two times = twice

 

Double加倍 倍數

Twice兩次兩倍

Double兩倍

 

13. I am going to be out of town for a couple of days. Would you mind “looking after” my dog?

Mind + Ving

Looking after照顧照料

= attend to

= keep an eye on

= take care of

 

參加

Attend

=take part in

=participate in

 

14. I “used to” lift weight but I didn’t really enjoy it.

過去曾經

 

15. My family is out playing baseball and stuff all the time. But John thinks most sports are pretty “boring”.

Bore使無聊(v)

Play baseball不加the

玩樂器要加the

 

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