20100915(1-2/7)(二)英文 王建民

Well,第二本講義的23到123做背卡! page 9 The cafeteria begins serving lunch at noon and stays open until three.平行對稱,and辭性要一致 “At” should be located in front of “time, price, raten place”. in 加時間表示在該時間之後的後續的時間。 within在時間之內。 by 時間之前。 till=until:::not … until… for加一段時間:::for 15 years… for over 10 years during the class while正當(連接詞注意文法上的對等性) about=around大約 since:: 1. 自從1998 2. I met you As正當 mostly most of the people = most people scarecely = barely

注意此句中不得有其他否定字。

no名詞

not形容詞

none(句首句尾)

nearly

near

close to

next to 請注意兩者距離上的關係。

no one = nobody

give up = abandon = surrender = yield

動態性概念的字眼(注意翻譯後) Ving

請注意第23頁 動態性字眼加動名辭之範例。

mind  finish suggest delay imagine enjoy practice favor detest quit pardon resent avoid stop consider excuse risk deny postpone mention can’t help recall regret report escape admit miss resist appreciate keep tolerate resume forgive celebrate advocate

表示反對 對立 或 針對的to 為介系辭 Ving

be contrary to

be contradictory to

object to (主動)

be opposed to (被動)

with a view to

in contrast to

表示”於”或”對於”的to也通常為介系詞

be used to

be exposed to

be dedicated to

be limited to

resort to

as to

be accustomed to

be devoted to

abandon oneself to

be committed to

react to

with regard to

look forward to

confess to

表示”目的””願望””企圖””努力””傾向”等 後面接不定詞

1.動詞部份wish hope care choose intend learn agree promise refuse

expepect offer decide desire attempt plan strive pretend hesitate claim prepare tend fail demand ask afford fear mange seem appear threaten

2. 形容詞 able likely pleased glad eager anxious ready inclined apt liable

3. 名詞 effort ability attempt ambition

不定詞記號”to”的省略

在下面的知覺動詞及感官及物動詞和使役動詞後面表示受詞的動作時

(1)知覺動詞 see hear feel notice behold(看見) observe watch perceive(察覺)

使役動詞let make have bid(吩咐,拍賣會時的投標動作)

(2)ought除外的助動詞後面 can may must will shall do

(3)had sooner

had rather

would sooner

would rather

had better

had best

cannot but

do nothing but

表示 防制禁止

V protect O from Ving

prevent(阻止)

keep(阻止)

free(使免除)

stop

prohibit

inhibit

ban

bar(禁止)

restrain

refrain

dissuade

discourage

4. I always keep candles in the house “in case” there is a power blackout.(停電)

這裡in case(倘若;萬一)做連接詞用。

for介系詞及連接詞皆可使用

注意because的用法;有連接詞的考題,必須要將之翻譯。

there is , there was , there was , there were

in case in case of萬一,介系詞及連接詞

請看34 36頁

對等連接詞 and but or for so

從屬連接詞

when before because although since if/unless ::as long as

從屬子句內主詞與動詞的省略例句

When (I was )reading, I fell asleep.

介系詞與從屬連接詞區別

during

while

despite=in spite of

although / though = even though

because of (prep.)

because (conj.)

since (prep. 及 conj.)

表明相關式的連接詞。連接詞兩邊平行對稱。

both— and     既是—又是

either —or    既不是—也不是

not A but B不是A而是B

prefer — A ( Ving/N ) to B (Ving/N)

Would V原 rather than V原

寧要前也不要後者

between you and me.

as 原級形容詞和副詞 as

not  as/so  —  as —

such that: 如此 以致於

so 形/副   a/an 名 加上名詞子句(that)

such a/an 形加名

would rather A than B (很有名)寧願A也不要B

主詞 動詞 連接詞

and 並且 但是

and but or for so對等連接詞 兩邊地位一樣

從屬與主要兩者有主從之分。

從屬連接詞:

when before because although since if/unless只要 (as long as 當) 從屬子句,主要子句。

I go jogging every morning. It is more interesting than “exercising” at home like I used to do.

go Ving是從事某種活動。

I used to(過去曾經)(一個慣用的句型)。

used to 加動詞

be                used

get      加                               to 加 Ving(習慣於)

come          accustomed

like

delike

look like

alike(句尾,相像的)

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