續工作

 

How to Write a PhD Thesis

some notes by

Joe Wolfe

School of Physics

The University of New South Wales

Sydney 2052 Australia

如何進行博士論點之寫作

澳洲威爾斯大學物理學院教授

雪梨

  本篇博士論文寫作指導提供簡單實用的建議,以達成論文寫作時,起頭之切題、組織良好的論文、將大量論文工作切分為較易於分析及閱讀段落、以及以這些段落進行論文適切之表達。本文也將述及如何從博士論文寫作嚴苛過程中存活的實用方法。本指導包含論文結構的組織之建議、每一章節應該具備的寫作內容。本文原始寫作目的乃為物理學研究生撰寫論文指導之用,而文中所給予大部分的範例均以該項專業為出發點列舉。根據讀者反映,本文的指導亦適用於其他科學及人文社會類科研究領域之應用及討論。

This guide to thesis writing gives some simple and practical advice on the problems of getting started, getting organized, dividing the huge task into less formidable pieces and working on those pieces. It also explains the practicalities of surviving the ordeal. It includes a suggested structure and a guide to what should go in each section. It was originally written for graduate students in physics, and most of the specific examples given are taken from that discipline. Nevertheless, the feedback from users indicates that it has been consulted and appreciated by graduate students in diverse fields in the sciences and humanities.

l   論文頭段之起

l   大綱論述

l   論文組織

l   文藻修飾

l   時序排列

l   反覆論證

l   何謂博士論文論點(thesis)

l   論文細節當至何種程度?

l   闡明自己論點

l   個人風格

l   觀點之表達

l   論文份數

l   參與協助之人員

l   論文之終曲

l   如何組織博士論文論點(以闡明個人理論)

l   如何由您論文委員會攻詰下苟且偷生

l   Getting started

l   An outline

l   Organisation

l   Word processors

l   A timetable

l   Iterative solution

l   What is a thesis? For whom is it written? How should it be written?

l   How much detail?

l   Make it clear what is yours

l   Style

l   Presentation

l   How many copies?

l   Personal

l   Coda

l   Thesis Structure

l   How to survive a thesis defence

 

論文起始

開始動筆時,要闡明一個論點,不啻從事創造一項長遠而艱難的事業。因為您所提出之問題、以及您所要解決的問題本身就是一項長遠而艱難的工作。不過一旦您把兩項以上的章節進行連結之後,您就會發覺這個工作愈來愈容易了。最終您會覺得為伊消得人憔悴衣帶漸寬終不悔。建構一項理論、以您的健筆闡明自己所擁有的論點會使得您如登仙境、擁有極度的喜悅。如同世上眾人所欲成就的事業,建立博士學位所發展之論點(thesis)其寫作在創建之前,都顯得巍峨高峻不易達成,所以,您成功的第一步就在於如何邁開您的步伐為您的論文作一個好的起頭。

Getting Started

When you are about to begin, writing a thesis seems a long, difficult task. That is because it is a long, difficult task. Fortunately, it will seem less daunting once you have a couple of chapters done. Towards the end, you will even find yourself enjoying it—an enjoyment based on satisfaction in the achievement, pleasure in the improvement in your technical writing, and of course the approaching end. Like many tasks, thesis writing usually seems worst before you begin, so let us look at how you should make a start.

一份大綱

首先要為您的博士論文觀點建立一份大綱: 在數張紙上構思並寫出您每一章節所擁有的標題、副標題、圖表的標題(標明呈現實驗結果的圖表位置)。稿紙上還會註記一些筆記以及評論。

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